Professional surveying is defined as the practice for compensation of land, boundary, or property surveying or other similar professional practices. The term includes any service or work the adequate performance of which involves the of special knowledge of principles of mathematics, related applied and physical sciences, and relevant laws to the measurement and location of lines, angles, elevations, natural features, and existing man-made works; and, on the beds of bodies of water, the determination of areas and volumes, for:
(A) the location of real property boundaries;
(B) the platting and layout of lands and subdivisions of land; and
(C) the preparation and perpetuation of maps, record plats, field note records, and real property descriptions that represent those.
**Source: "Manual of Practice for Land Surveying in the State of Texas." Texas Society of Professional Surveyors. 1991 Revised Eight Edition.
Registered professional land surveyor is a person holding a valid license to practice land surveying as a Registered Professional Land Surveyor (RPLS) in the State of Texas, as issued by the Texas Board of Professional Land Surveying.
**Source: "Manual of Practice for Land Surveying in the State of Texas." Texas Society of Professional Surveyors. 2006 Revised Eleventh Edition.
Types of Surveys:
Standard Land Survey: A boundary or property survey for any purpose except title insurance. The purpose of a Standard Land Survey is to establish or reestablish on the ground the physical or theoretical location and extent of real property lines, political boundaries or lines defining the permits of public or private ownership, and may include the exteriors or centerlines of record or visible evidence of easements and the evidence indication of the possibility of prescriptive or limitation rights.
Topographic Survey: Includes cross sections, profiles and contouring, drainage survey, determination of volumes or quantities, etc.
**Source: "Manual of Practice for Land Surveying in the State of Texas." Texas Society of Professional Surveyors. 1991 Revised Eighth Edition.
You Should Contact a Surveyor When Buying Property Because:
- Only a survey plat made by a Licensed Land Surveyor can define what you've purchased
- A Surveyor will determine whether other people are entitled to partial use of your property through easements for utilities or rights-of-way
- A Surveyor will determine whether fences, trees, buildings, building overhangs, gardens, driveways, sidewalks, swimming pools, house additions, and other property improvements actually lie on your property
- A Surveyor will determine whether your deed accurately describes the property you occupy
- A Surveyor can provide an updated deed description for the property you are purchasing. This will allow you (or your Lawyer) to file your deed in the County Clerk's Office, thereby registering the transaction and preserving your property rights in the future
- Since a survey provided by the seller may be old, it may not reflect changes to the property or its boundaries. A survey protects you by bringing potential legal problems to your attention so you can address them before you make your purchase
- A Surveyor can mark the corners of your property with permanent monuments so you will always be aware of your legal property lines
You Should Contact a Surveyor Before Building Additions to Your House or Permanent Improvements to your Property (i.e. fences) Because:
- You want to make sure you are building on your own property. Mistakenly building on a neighbor's property can cause legal problems and extra costs for possible litigation fees
- A Surveyor can stake-out, or mark, the location of proposed buildings so that you are sure they are on your property and meet all local setback requirements and zoning restrictions
- In case of a dispute, your Surveyor can act as an expert witness, and will assume professional responsibility for your survey in court
You Should Contact a Surveyor When Subdividing Property or Selling Individual Lots Because:
- Your Surveyor will survey the site and draft a proposed subdivision plan
- Your Surveyor will check and note planning restrictions, easements, and other legalities for your subdivision (for example: wetland delineation and mapping issues, minimum lot sizes and setbacks, etc.)
- Your Surveyor can engage other consultants to carry out preliminary studies, engineering, planning, and environmental issues to submit with the draft subdivision plan, and ensure compliance with local, state, and federal laws
- Your Surveyor can represent you and your project at Planning, Building, Zoning and Town & County Board meetings, if required
- Your Surveyor will prepare final subdivision plans
- Retaining a Surveyor will give your buyers and clients confidence in the purchase of your property, or one of the lots in your subdivision
- Consulting a Surveyor may help simplify the Land Development Process, and a Surveyor will be able to make recommendations as to the feasibility of projects
**Source: "Why Hire a Land Surveyor?" Allegheny Plateau Association of Professional Land Surveyors. www.apapls.org